Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

Home plants purifying the air in the apartment


Air quality in many cities is not the best. There are simple ways to cope with air pollution, while decorating an apartment. It is worth using simple home methods that nature itself gives us.

NASA scientists have developed a combination of potted plants struggling with this phenomenon. What indoor plants that clean the air in the apartment, will be useful?

Ferns

Extremely popular home plant - fern. Fern influences our health not only when air pollution exceeds the norm. Ferns emit a huge amount of oxygen, moisture, absorb air toxins.

Description

Ferns are relatively easy to grow, but they cannot tolerate too dry air. They should not be placed near heaters, in places where it is too hot. Unusual forms of leaves will bring notes of exotic to the interior. They grow easily, do not cause serious problems in the care.

There are many types of ferns, ideal for growing at home. The variety of shapes, colors, leaves is huge. Plants do not bloom, but you can admire their green leaves. Ferns help reduce the radiation from electrical appliances, be sure to plant them:

  • in the bedroom;
  • put next to the computer, tv.

Decorative ferns, useful for the home, fit into any interior, are considered one of the best plants that purify the air well.

Features of growing and care

  • Light, temperature.Ferns love ambient light - they need to be placed in a slightly shaded place, they grow in conditions where other home colors of light are not enough. Do not expose ferns to direct contact with sunlight. Plants grow well at room temperature — but not in a draft, far from a heat source. The optimum temperature is 20-25 ° С (in summer), 18-20 ° С (in winter).
  • Watering, spraying.The soil should be kept slightly moist, but not wet - ferns should be watered regularly, moderately with soft water at room temperature. Watering should be carefully, not flooding the young leaves.Ferns do not tolerate overflow, drying of the soil. In the fall, winter watering is reduced. Leaves should be sprayed with soft water. This is especially important in homes with central heating, where the air is warm, dry.
  • Planting and transplanting.In the spring (March, April) ferns should be transplanted into fresh soil. Suitable soil with a high content of humus.

Interesting article on the topic: Decorative trees for home

Dracaena

A popular type of plant, usually regarded as decorative because of its long thin leaves with bright edging - dracaena. Several varieties, such as dracaena unbent, fragrant dracaena - not only beautiful, but also useful, cleansing, renewing oxygen. Leaves dracaena emit a lot of oxygen, help to improve the quality of air in the room, which is confirmed by a study by NASA on the purity of the atmosphere.

Representatives of draceni grow relatively easily, prefer humidity, rather high temperatures (in winter it is necessary to maintain a minimum temperature in the room of 15 degrees Celsius).

Dracaena includes almost 80 species, varieties in various forms. Brief characteristics of popular varieties are presented below.

Sort Sherian sheet cm
Marginata 1-2
Fragrans 5-7
fragrans "Compacta" 2-3
fragrans "Deremenis" 2-3
Dracaena bent or D. Reflexa 2-3, slightly folded
Sander, "lucky bamboo", 2-3
Surculosa 2-3, oval

What to look for when buying?

  • The higher the plant, the older.
  • The barrel should be firmly fixed in the soil.
  • The ends of the leaves should not be wider than 5 mm.
  • The absence of pests, diseases.
  • The top of the barrel should be waxed to prevent decay caused by moisture.

Features of cultivation, care

It is easy to care for the dragon floor. It stores the stored water, it can be fed if you forget about watering for a while. Dracaena (Latin Dracaena) is a tall, spreading tree with 1-4-5 trunks. Leaves have different colors:

  • green,
  • yellow,
  • yellowish,
  • sometimes tinted pink,
  • red.

Leaves of various types:

  • little ones
  • thin,
  • sharp
  • big ones
  • soft.

In the wild, dracaena grows mainly in Africa and neighboring islands, including Madeira, Canary Islands, Cape Verde Islands. Some species really resemble a tree with a powerful trunk, they are planted in hot countries, like hedges. Dracaena - long-lived plants.

  • Position. Dracaena prefers not to stand in the harsh sun, loves bright places, especially if the leaves are with patterns. Do not tolerate cold.The temperature can not fall below 10-13 degrees Celsius.
  • Watering. Watering is needed if the soil is dry. Does not like to stand in the water. Periodic, infrequent spraying makes the leaves attractive, fresh.
  • Fertilizer.Top dressing should be done with fertilizer 1 time every 6 weeks in spring and summer.

Anthurium

Usually associated with a spectacular addition to bouquets of cut flowers, anthurium is becoming a popular pot plant. Most varieties of this tropical species grow on the treetops of equatorial forests. Bloom throughout the year, so beautiful, richly decorate the apartment. Anthurium need to wipe the leaves so that it looks spectacular.

a brief description of

  • flower color: red, cream, pink, multi-colored, greenish, multi-colored;
  • inflorescences of boat form;
  • leaves: shiny, oval or heart-shaped.
  • flowering period: February, March, April, May, June;
  • soil: cariogenic;
  • position: partial shade, sun.

An exotic plant native to the forests of Central America. Because of the interesting colors often used in the compositions of cut flowers. All types of anthurium require a sunny position (east, northeast window is suitable), heat. The soil is suitable peat substrate, a mixture of sphagnum moss, soil, compost, clay.During the growing season the plant should be watered abundantly, with warm, soft water, without spraying from above.

Chrysanthemum room

Another plant air purifier - chrysanthemums, especially multi-colored varieties, do an excellent job with smog. They grow well in sunny positions in fertile, permeable soil. Chrysanthemums react to dryness, fading, you can not put the pot too close to the radiator, other sources of heat. Excess water causes root rot.

The name of the chrysanthemum means "golden flower". This is a combination of Greek words:

  1. “Chrysos” - golden;
  2. “Anthemon” is a flower.

Inflorescences are not only yellow, come in a variety of colors:

  • yellow;
  • Orange;
  • green;
  • Violet;
  • red.

Potted chrysanthemums have become a hit in recent years. The flower delights the richness of species, a variety of shapes and colors. Chrysanthemum creates a huge range of possibilities. You can experiment with it, mixing colors at will, choosing different varieties, shapes. The flower is suitable for people full of energy, modern, unusual, lovers of experimenting with interior design, flowers.

A potted chrysanthemum needs light so that the buds can blossom well. To prolong flowering, it is necessary to remove excess flowers. The earth should not dry out.

Spathiphyllum

Spathiphyllums are often found in homes. Plants are useful, decorative - lanceolate, intensely green leaves, delicate flowers - the perfect decoration of the room. The leaves have the ability to absorb toxic volatile substances from the air, positively affecting its quality.

Attention! Spathiphyllum are poisonous, you need to put them in places inaccessible to children, animals.

a brief description of

  • height: up to 100 cm;
  • decorativeness: flowers, foliage;
  • flower color: white, cream;
  • flowering period: February-October;
  • position: shadow, partial shadow.

A perennial plant with decorative leaves and flowers. Easy care makes spathiphyllum popular.

Spathiphyllum wallisii belongs to the giant Araceace family. The name comes from white, greenish-white leaves, twisted around a creamy white straw bulb. The leaves are long, lanceolate, green, shiny.

Grows better in partial shade at room temperature. In summer, the Spathiphyllum likes humid air; in winter, the temperature should be maintained at least 16 degrees Celsius. The plant should be watered with soft water at room temperature. The soil should be slightly wet, but not wet.From March to August, every 2 weeks, you need to fertilize the plant with pot manure.

Spathiphyllum loves clean leaves, you need to wipe them from dust with a damp cloth, spray it with soft water.

Popular plant species are used to decorate houses and balconies for many years. Room ivy looks beautiful, perfectly cleans the air in the rooms, is not particularly demanding, does not like temperatures above 20 degrees Celsius.

It is easy to care for ivy, undemanding, decorative. Perfect for decoration. NASA research has shown that ivy is on the list of the best air-cleaning plants, ideal for home, office.

Attention! Ivy is poisonous - make sure that it is not within the reach of children, pets.

Ivy (Latin Hedera) rises, hangs, sways, proudly presenting the leaves - green with white, silver, yellow spots, with marble charm. The Latin name for ivy - Hedera - means to stick. Indeed, the plant hovers around buildings, fences, trees. Ivy is easy to run on any surface. A wreath of ivy - a symbol of victory, human strength, it is received by the winners of the Olympic Games.

Home ivy care

Ivy is one of the top ten of the simplest house plants. Unlike most potted species, it did not come from exotic lands. Ivy grows in Europe, prefers a cooler climate, which facilitates care.

The basic requirements are as follows:

  • copes with relatively dry air, loves a temperature of 12-20 ° C;
  • does not like very sunny places, prefers a light shade;
  • watering at least once a week, the soil should not be too wet.

Sansevieria

Extremely impressive plant, in addition to the aesthetic value of caring for oxygen. Sansevieria absorbs carbon dioxide, exhaled by man, produces pure oxygen. This makes the plant ideal for a bedroom, children's room. Sansevieria ensures clean air, healthy, efficient sleep.

This is an ideal offer for those who dream of a “green friend”, but have little time to look after him. Sansevieria will suffer almost all mistakes, negligence, with the exception of excessive watering.

According to legend, Sansevieria owes its Latin name (Latin Sansevieria) to Italian prince Raimondo di Sangro from San Severo, who brought it from Naples to Africa in the 18th century.Since then, Sansevieria has gained immense popularity in Europe, settled on window-sills forever, receiving the name of the iron plant.

Currently, about 50 species of sansevieria are described, but only 5 varieties are grown in pots. Usually sansevieria grows to a meter or more, for example, the variety “Laurentii”. There are dwarf species with a height not higher than 15 cm - for example, the popular mini Sansevieria with decorative gold stripes on the edges of the leaves.

Cultivation, care

Many years ago, Guinean sansevieres decorated the houses of our grandmothers, and later their popularity gradually decreased, they were completely forgotten. Today, the plant is newly discovered, experiencing a "second youth." Their popularity is growing, plants can be bought from any florist, in a supermarket.

It is enough to choose simple, modern, elegant pots to make them the main decoration of the room. You can go on vacation without fear, the flower will withstand a month without a drop of water. Fleshy leaves grow from thick rhizomes, hidden just below the surface of the earth. This is a store of water that the plant uses as needed.It is watered rarely, not thin, so that the water does not stand. At the bottom of the pot you need to place a thick layer of drainage. Excessive watering is the most common cause of a short flower life.

Chlorophytum

The popular, convenient for growing plant in addition to an interesting appearance offers air purification. Chlorophytum intensively absorbs carbon dioxide, benzene, xylene, used in the production of plastics, as well as found, for example, in leather, printed materials.

Conclusion

Choosing which plants purify the air well should take into account the peculiarities of care for each. Beginners lovers of green, it is desirable to choose unpretentious varieties that are not afraid of waterlogging, drought, undemanding to the temperature regime.

Some indoor plants are very useful:

  • filter tobacco smoke,
  • remove carbon dioxide, toxins,
  • produce oxygen, improving the quality of breathing.

In any case, a green friend will be a decoration for housing and a useful helper.

Home plants purifying the air in the apartment images, pictures

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  • Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment

    Home plants purifying the air in the apartment