A full nutrition of the child in the first years of life lays the foundation for his health. All experts agree that breast milk is an ideal food for a baby, because each mother’s breast milk contains all the substances that her baby needs for harmonious growth and development. If, for some reason, the mother cannot breastfeed the baby or breast milk is not enough, baby formula will help.
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But not all mixtures can be a complete replacement for breast milk. Today we will talk about how to make a choice in favor of such a mixture that will ensure harmonious growth, development and help lay the foundation for your baby’s healthy future.
What should I look for when choosing a formula?
1. On the amount of protein.The protein content should be the main criterion when choosing infant formula.After all, protein is a “building material”, which takes an active part in the formation of the brain, muscle tissue and other organs, and also provides the processes of respiration, digestion, metabolism and immunity. Accordingly, with insufficient or excessive intake of protein in the body, in all these processes fails. Adequate protein intake is especially important in the first year of life, because it is during this period that the most rapid growth and development of all systems and organs of the child occurs.
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Why is it important:Excessive protein intake in the first year of life leads to the fact that the child is gaining weight too quickly, increasing the load on the still immature kidneys of the baby. And in adulthood, such a person will have an increased risk of obesity and related diseases (hypertension, diabetes).
How much protein should milk mix contain? Here, the best reference is breast milk as the “gold standard” of the baby’s nutrition in the first 6 months of life. Since protein in breast milk contains from 0.9 to 1.2 g per 100 ml, choosing a baby formula, pay attention to the fact that the protein content in it is as close as possible to these figures.
2. On the quality of protein.Speaking of quality, we mean the ratio of whey protein and casein. What it is? These are two protein components that are contained in any milk, but in different proportions. Their ratio in breast milk (ideal food for the baby) is 70-80% whey protein and 20-30% casein. When choosing a mixture, pay attention to the fact that whey proteins prevail over casein proteins and their ratio is the same as in breast milk.
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Why is it important:Whey protein will provide your child with all the necessary essential amino acids, will promote optimal growth and development and help lay the foundation for good health.
Therefore, choosing a formula for your baby, remember that its health and development depends on you. If you do not have the opportunity to breastfeed your baby, take care to choose the formula that is as close as possible to its protein composition (its quantity and quality) to breast milk.