Hypomastia- This is underdevelopment, inexpressive mammary glands in women.
The mammary gland in girls begins its growth (usually on the left side) in the period from 8.5 to 13 years under the influence of female sex hormones - estrogen. The glandular breast tissue that forms is initially determined by a small nodule under the nipple, which then gradually grows and ends its growth in about 4 years with a range from 2 to 7 years.
Non-expressiveness of the mammary gland can occur when a family predisposition to this, with a general infantilization of the woman or the cessation of further growth of the glandular tissue under the influence of estrogen with good severity of other secondary sexual characteristics.
Micromastia can develop as a result of a sharp decline in ovarian function and other endocrine glands under the influence of severe intoxication, chronic and acute infections, endocrine organ tumors and surgical interventions. A moderate underdevelopment of one breast, when it is smaller, but retains its function, is quite common, but with all this a significant difference in the volume of the mammary glands due to the underdevelopment of one of them is rare.During lactation, such mammary glands can function equally, therefore, the anomalies disturb the patient only in a cosmetic respect.
The growth of the mammary glands is traditionally suspended at the age of 17–18, and many women are resigned to the fact that their breasts are smaller than the “traditional” ones. Some women whose mammary glands are not pronounced or have lost their original attractive from their point of view form, for example after childbirth, have a feeling of some inferiority, inferiority, which can seriously affect their mental health. Treatment of bilateral micromastia is the correction of endocrine disorders, as a result of which the malformation of the mammary glands can be partially or completely eliminated. Plastic surgery for cosmetic purposes can be recommended for adult women with micromastia. It should be noted that the size of the mammary gland has little effect on the sexual feeling of a woman, her probability of experiencing an orgasm or her ability to feed a child.
In case of underdevelopment and atrophy of the mammary glands, young women need to consult an endocrinologist and endocrinological examination. Often in such cases, physiotherapy is used (infrared radiation, diathermy, warm compresses).Sometimes it is advisable hormone treatment, conducted very carefully.
In exceptional cases, at the request of the woman, an operation is carried out to implant endoprostheses (subcutaneous prostheses) or tissue transplantation. Endoprostheses come in various shapes and sizes (in the form of an apple, pear, or drop). They may have a special frame that protects against damage. Such prostheses are implanted for life. Approximately 30% of the operated patients reject them, but a successful operation brings women great satisfaction.
The absence of mammary glands is easiest to hide with the help of a traditional bra with a foam pad or external prostheses (they are made in various shapes and sizes). You can also purchase a bra special cut, with plug-in interchangeable dentures.
Atrophy of the mammary glands in women in menopause, as a rule, is masked by the development of adipose tissue - in this case, the breast does not contract, but loses its elasticity and becomes more flabby. Sometimes this defect can be corrected by gymnastics, massage, the formation of correct posture. Radically correct the shape of the breast is possible only with the help of surgery.