> >Interesting about the Finnish education system
We are unlikely to be able to influence the Russian school, but in the inevitable seats over homework Russian parents will benefit from the impressions of the American teacher Timothy Walker about the Finnish education system.
Although children in Finland and the United States today suffer from physical inactivity, there is one fundamental difference: an experiment was recently launched in a small northern country — a new state program, Finnish Schools in Motion, was adopted to help children keep active of the day
Once, it was in the middle of December, just after noon, I went outside during another 15-minute break. <...> I was wondering if something changed in the behavior of students. Maybe children, passively conducting the change, and really became less?
On the playground, two of my sixth graders, Emmy and Marianne, dressed in neon yellow vests, led a popular game, a variation of saloks. Around a dozen younger children were running around them.
Emmy and Marianne were "activators of change": this means that they received special training and had to work once a week with their younger comrades, mostly first-graders and second-graders. A few minutes before my arrival, the girls gathered these seven-year-olds and eight-year-olds in order to decide what they would play today.
You may sometimes notice that the students, despite all your efforts to make the lessons fascinating, become sleepy after sitting in place for a long time. In such cases, a warm-up is clearly needed. You can declare a break for physical education: 20 jumps “legs together - legs apart” with claps over your head or 20 seconds of running on the spot will help the children shake themselves up.
Do not litter the space
One of the rules that govern in this country: "The less, the better." This is very noticeable in the minimalism that prevails in local design. Going to visit the Finns, you will probably find a cozy, uncluttered space in the style of IKEA.
If you want to give the hosts a compliment, then the best way is to praise the tunnelma (“atmosphere”) in their home. During the years of my stay here, I realized that the idea of a cozy home, from the point of view of the Finns, is connected with the maximum simplicity in the design of living space.I think the same principle underlies the design of classes.
In 2014, scientists from Carnegie Mellon University decided to find out to what extent class design can distract children from the educational process. The kindergartners were brought to the laboratory, where they were given several introductory lessons in the natural sciences. At the same time, the researchers changed the decor of the room: on some lessons, the walls were decorated with various visual aids, while on others they remained completely empty. It turned out that in the first case, the children "were more distracted by visual stimuli, spent more time looking at foreign objects and less easily assimilated the material."
It is especially important to reduce external stimuli in classrooms where small children learn, because the ability to concentrate grows over the years. The authors of the study noted that it is much easier for sixth-graders to ignore unimportant stimuli than for preschoolers.
If the concentration of carbon dioxide in the classroom becomes too high, then there can be no talk of learning, because the brain simply stops working! Optimum for the educational process is the air temperature from +20 to +23 ° C.
Although scientific studies confirm that breathing for the brain is useful both indoors and outdoors, in Finland absolutely everyone with whom I talked about this topic (both children and adults) have always praised the benefits of outdoor walks. Such an approach is perhaps most clearly illustrated by the rule adopted in many local schools: at temperatures above –15 ° C, elementary school students should go outside. This means that a rainy day is not yet a reason to sit under the roof during recess. I remember how, in the first year of teaching in Helsinki, one autumn I looked out the window and was amazed to the depths of my soul when I saw dozens of children running around the playground in the rain. He loves to sentence my Finnish father-in-law: “Nothing, we will not melt, we are not sugar”.
Children's school backpacks should first of all be comfortable, and this is important because it is about the health of the child. In the online store you can buy a backpack for women and men school, sports or tourist. It is best to choose an ergonomic school backpack with a very comfortable back and properly seated straps for even weight distribution.
Calm, only calm
Respect for calmness in the blood of the Finns, it manifests itself even in their language. By analogy with the Christmas world * (joulurauha) to indicate the state of tranquility, peace, lack of conflict and fuss in various life situations, this northern people also have the words saunarauha (“sauna world” or “peace in a sauna”) and ruokarauha ("refectory world", or "appeasement while eating").
I believe that this is one of the main reasons why students in this country learn the material so well and demonstrate brilliant results on tests like PISA. “Successful studies should be facilitated by a benevolent working environment, as well as a calm, peace-loving attitude,” says the latest directive of the Finnish National Education Council.
A few decades ago, scientists from the University of Oregon established an interrelation between the level of noise in a house where a child lives and his ability to distinguish two similar words, as well as the ability to read. The experiment showed that the higher the noise level in the residential area, the worse the results were. Later, researchers from the University of Wisconsin discoveredthat something similar is happening in school: in the presence of background noise, elementary school students have difficulty remembering new words.
In Finland, <...> children begin to be trusted from an early age and impose responsibility on them, moreover, on very different issues. The vast majority of my students every day unaccompanied went to school and came back. I noticed and not such obvious things: for example, preschool children, walking in parks without parents; kids who self-imposed their meals in the school cafeteria; kids who walked the corridors without teachers. They were entrusted with this responsibility not because of their “high status”: simply adults thought that children could easily succeed themselves.
In general, Finnish children seem to be much more independent than American ones, but, of course, it’s not about genetics at all. The reason for this phenomenon, according to my observations, is that, both at home and at school, they are provided with numerous opportunities to do various things without the care of adults, due to which they become more independent, including in school.
As scientists have established, a sense of independence is an essential component of happiness, and in two years of work in Helsinki, I became convinced of this from my own experience: my students simply flourished when I trusted them to act at their own discretion.
In the course of the last reforms in Finland, educational programs were adopted in which emphasis was placed on the development of children's independence and independence (both at school and abroad). Other priorities include the joy of studying and the cooperation of the teacher with the students.