> >Interesting archaeological finds in Siberia
In Siberia, thanks to the cold climate and low population density, many ancient artifacts that are found and studied by archaeologists are well preserved. With the most mysterious archaeological finds made in Siberia, we will acquaint you with this post.
Archaeologists have discovered the world's oldest wooden sculpture during the excavation of a swamp in Western Siberia at the end of the 19th century. Her age was estimated at 11,000 years, i.e. this idol is twice as old as the great pyramids and 6,000 years older than Stonehenge. 2.8-meter sculpture was cut from a 157-year-old larch, which was treated with stone tools.
Considering that the idol had lain for thousands of years in a swamp, it was beautifully preserved. Until now, one can make out the features of his face, as well as the carved ornament on his body. Some believe that the incomprehensible lines on the idol contain some kind of encrypted information.Others suggest that this idol, which was once the height of 5.2 meters, can be a prototype of an Indian totem.
In 1990, archaeologists discovered the remains of a female warrior in the Altai Mountains in Siberia. A 2500-year-old girl with pigtails, scientists believe, was in the elite group of Pazyryk warriors. She was buried with a shield, a battle ax, a bow and arrows. The ancient Greek writer Hippocrates noted that the Scythians had warriors, called Amazons. Many felt that one of these mythical female warriors was finally discovered. However, DNA analysis has destroyed these assumptions.
It turns out that the girl was about 16 years old at the time of her death. The Amazon was buried surrounded by symbols of fertility, such as shells, as well as amulets. The coffin, the wooden “pillow” and the quiver were all smaller in size than those found in the men's graves. Also near her were found the remains of nine horses, which implies a high status of the girl. The cause of the death of the "warrior with a pigtail" remains a mystery.
The oldest oncology
Many people believe that cancer is a modern disease.For many years, researchers assumed that ancient people, who were constantly active and ate organic foods, did not have cancer. However, in 2014, a discovery was made that refutes this: the remains of a man who lived in Siberia in the Bronze Age, who died of prostate cancer, were found. Although cases of 6,000-year-old benign tumors were previously found, it is these 4,500-year-old remains that are the oldest completely confirmed case of cancer. Most of the stop men found in this place were found in a pose on the back next to the tools for hunting and fishing. However, the “man with cancer” was different from them: he was found in the fetal position with a bone spoon, covered with intricate carvings, next to him.
Idol, who replaced the race
Archaeologists believe that the 2400-year-old Siberian stone idol has undergone a “race change” in the early medieval period. Ust-Taseevsky idol once had large protruding nostrils, a large open mouth, mustaches and a thick beard. Experts believe that about 1500 years ago, someone subjected him to "plastic surgery" to make the idol less like a European, and more like an Asian.He made narrower eyes, and his beard and mustache "shaved off."
Archaeologists believe that the Ust-Taseevsky idol was originally carved during the Scythian period, when the inhabitants of this region were Europeans. But during the early Middle Ages, the population of the Angara River region was “squeezed out” by the Mongols who came with the invasion.
Archaeologists have recently excavated a complete set of bone armor in Siberia. The 900-year-old armor was made from the bones of an unknown animal and was buried separately from its owner in a wooded western steppe near modern Omsk. While most of the finds in this area belong to the Krotov culture, the researchers believe that the armor belongs to the Samus-Seymin culture, which originated in the Altai Mountains, first spread to the south-west. The armor was found surprisingly in excellent condition at a depth of 1.5 meters.
The most ancient sewing needles
Archaeologists have discovered the world's oldest sewing needle in the mountains of Altai. The 50,000-year-old needle was found in the Denisova Cave and it was not used by representatives of Homo sapiens. The 7-centimeter needle has a hole for the thread, and it was made from the bones of a large unknown bird.It was found in the same layer as the remains of the mysterious hominids - Denisovsky man.
In the Siberian republic of Khakassia, archaeologists discovered the remnants of the "noblewoman" of the ancient culture Okunev. Experts believe that the Okunev culture was a Siberian ethnic group most closely associated with Native Americans. In the grave dating from the XXV - XVIII centuries BC. the remains of the child and a huge treasure were also found. The tomb contained 100 ornaments made from the teeth of animals, their bones and horns, tools, two vessels, cases filled with bone needles, a bronze knife, and more than 1,500 beads adorning the burial clothes of the "aristocratic." Closed tomb was a stone slab with a picture of a bull.
3000 year old craniotomy
In 2015, archaeologists near the “Oil Pipeline 2 ″ in Siberia found a skull, on which there is clear evidence of brain surgery, which was carried out 3,000 years ago. The patient died between the ages of 30 and 40, and the open parietal bone of his skull showed signs of overgrowth, indicating that he lived for a certain period of time after trepanning.Experts believe that his death was caused by postoperative inflammation.
Uina and Uyan
In 2015, researchers discovered the remains of two dead cubs in the permafrost of Siberia. The little animals, named Dina and Uyan, turned 57,000 years old and they are cubs of cave lions, which died out about 10 thousand years ago. They were only 1-2 weeks old when the ceiling of the cave collapsed on the cubs. Opaque white liquid found in their stomachs may be the oldest milk in the world.
Couple holding hands for 5000 years
On the shores of Lake Baikal this year was discovered an unusual burial. In the grave lay a couple who held hands for 5,000 years. Bronze Age skeletons that belong to the Glazkov culture are believed to belong to an important person and his wife or mistress. Rings of rare white jade were also found in the burial, rings, deer bone and musk deer pendants, a 50-centimeter jade dagger and a metal object of unknown purpose in a bag between the man’s legs.