Music therapy: what to listen to the child

Music therapy: what to listen to the child

Music therapy, literally from Greek - treatment of music.To understand what it is and who needs it, let's turn to the history of this psychotherapeutic method. At the end of the 19th century, music therapy first appeared officially in the practice of the French psychiatrist. From the middle of the 20th century, not only psychiatrists but also general practitioners, obstetricians and even dentists began to practice music therapy. In Switzerland, music therapy treated stomach ulcers; in Australia, childbirth anesthetized. In the second half of the 20th century, many scientists delved into the study and search for evidence of the benefits of music therapy and, of course, successfully.

Here are excerpts from the article by the famous music therapist Valentina Petrushin, doctor of pedagogical sciences, professor of psychology, President of the Association of musical psychologists and psychotherapists of Russia:

“Already in the works of the first universally recognized music theorist - the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras, we find a description of how one can influence with the help of music the emotional state of a person.[...] Pythagoras, believing that people are best influenced through their senses, “made music education the main one, resorting to some melodies and rhythms, through which human morals and passions are cured and the original harmony of the soul forces is established. He also invented means to restrain and heal diseases of the soul and body. ”

Music therapy (and listening and playing musical instruments for therapeutic purposes) has a beneficial effect on all processes in the human body.: from the psycho-emotional state, to the work of the pancreas and solving obesity problems. The study of the influence of music on a person continues, but today we can confidently state that it has taken an honorable place in alternative therapy, along with color therapy, pet therapy, aroma therapy, sand therapy and so on.

The same Petrushin writes:«Usually, when they talk about music psychotherapy, they mean listening to soothing, melodic music [...]. In fact, the possibilities of music therapy aimed at the psychological correction of both a child and an adult can be much wider.

Modern techniques and methods of musical psychotherapy include:

  • motor and rhythmic exercises aimed at the interaction of the right and left hemispheres of the brain, the development of coordinated movements and the ability to correlate their actions with the actions of members of a small group;
  • contact and non-contact massage, which participants do each other to activate and bioenergy resources of the body;
  • various types of breathing exercises, among which special attention is paid to the development of abdominal / diaphragm / and intercostal breathing skills as the most effective for relieving negative emotional states.
  • singing vocalizations like Indian mantras aimed at forming and developing skills of concentration of attention and concentration on one’s inner world;
  • learning and fulfilling the formulas of musical self-suggestion aimed at developing self-confidence in the participants of the classes, high self-esteem, inner peace, equanimity in a difficult situation, a humanistic attitude to others and a positive attitude to the world as personality traits;
  • singing songs of different content, both calming and inspiring;
  • viewing to music of various topics of slides aimed at enriching the visual and auditory presentations of the participants of the classes, enhancing their aesthetic experiences with the means of visual arts and artistic photography».

In child psychology, music therapy is especially popular: children willingly listen to music and play themselves. And if for serious use of music for medicinal purposes it is necessary to consult with a specialist, a children's psychologist practicing classes using music therapy, for general development, so to speak,Each parent can independently choose, guided by the general recommendations, suitable music for his child.

  • Rhythm.If the rhythm sound is less than the pulse rhythm - the melody will have a relaxing effect, soft rhythms soothe. If the rhythm is more frequent than the pulse, an exciting effect occurs. Dissonances excite, irritate, and consonances, on the contrary, calm, create a pleasant sensation.
  • Key.Minor tonalities have a depressive, overwhelming effect.Major - raise the mood, increase blood pressure and muscle tone.
  • Frequency.High-frequency sounds cause resonance, negatively affect cognitive processes. A long and loud sound is generally harmful to the human body; it simply can deplete a child. Sounds of middle range stimulate heart activity. Low - affect the physical movement, cause tension in the muscles.

Music therapy: what to listen to a child - image №1Valeria Brovko, music teacher, teacher of early musical development, co-organizer of the Magic Flute music studio:

“Music therapy classes are not only listening to music, it is playing musical instruments and just playing. For example, one of my favorite games that parents can practice with their children at home is the play parachute. To do this, you must either buy such a parachute or simply take a piece of “good”

positive color, and together with the child raise it above the head, following the rhythm of the music. This seemingly simple and simple exercise has a very beneficial effect on children,they are experiencing a real rush of happiness and peace.It is very good to play such a music therapy game after the child has done his homework, or if he is in a depressed state.

When choosing music for therapy or just musicalclasses at home need to be very careful, not to follow unconfirmed and unreasonable recommendations on the Internet.First of all, it concerns classical music, which is simply not recommended for children under 7 years old (with rare exceptions). Even Mozart, the absolute genius, not all suitable for listening to children.

Music therapy: what to listen to a child - image №2

More suitable is the special children's music, proven by generations and generations of children and parents: lullabies, songs of the peoples of the world, folk and ethnic music, author's children's music.Such music has no contraindications, it seems to be perfectly tuned to the wave of children's perception, especially lullabies.

If parents want to approach this issue more seriously, it is better to turn to a specialist, because music affects the subtle body of the soul, which means you need to be very careful not to upset this internal musical instrument with unsuitable melodies.Well, also, if parents have at least elementary or secondary music education, then they will be able to select more intuitively more suitable melodies. ”

In home music therapy, it is important to withstand the time constraints: prolonged monotonous listening to music will not have a positive effect, as, indeed, forcible listening to this or that music. So it’s not the best way to brazenly cut down pop music playing in a child’s room and turn on Swan Lake on the grounds that it’s useful. Everything has its time and place: both “treatment” and pleasure.

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  • Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child

    Music therapy: what to listen to the child