Most recently, the crumb kicked you from the inside, and now you hold him in your arms, joyfully accepting congratulations on discharge from the hospital. Ahead -first week stay with the baby at home, one of the most exciting for parents and important in the life of the baby.
The crumbs have a new stage - now all its systems and organs must fully function outside the mother's body. A newborn baby needs to learn how to breathe, eat and adapt to external sound and light stimuli.
Parents will have to help the child in this difficult task andprovideproper care. How to care for a newborn, let's find out together.
After the baby woke up in the morning, he needs to be washed. With the help of a loving mom, cotton pads and warm boiled water, it will be very easy to make.
At firstwash eyes. To do this, take a cotton pad, soak it in boiled water and wipe the baby's eyes from the outer edge to the inner. For each eye, be sure to take a new cotton pad. The eyes of a newborn baby often “turn sour”, why is this happening?
After birth, the baby’s immune system only wakes up and the baby’s eyes often water. This is a protective system of the body that will help protect the eyes of the child from infection. In addition to water and salt, the baby’s first tears still contain mucus, so a crust sometimes forms on the baby’s eyes. That is what we need to gently remove with a cotton swab, trying not to damage the delicate children's eyes.
Read also: How to clean the ears, eyes and nose of a newborn
Then pay attention tocrumble tip. If the nose is visually clean and there are no extraneous sounds indicating a congestion when breathing the baby, then it can simply be wiped from above and around with a cotton swab dipped in water. Sometimes in the nose of a newborn there may appear crusts that will interfere with the baby’s free breathing. In this case, a cotton pad or a special baby cotton swab with a limiter must be moistened with baby oil and gently wipe the crumbs inside each nostril without penetrating too deeply.
A clean baby's nose is an important condition for a baby to suckle freely. After all, eating, if breathing is difficult, will be problematic for the crumbs.
During the morning exercise, do not forgetexamine the earsbaby With visible accumulations of sulfur, they can be cleaned outside and around the ear with a cotton swab dipped in warm boiled water. But do not be zealous, usually the excess sulfur is removed from the ear itself.
Next, gently wipe the face and neck of the baby with a damp cotton pad. That completed the morning exercise.
Read also: Neonatologist Tips: How to Care for a Newborn?
Every morning needchange baby diaperandunderminebaby. It is necessary to wash after each bowel movement and it can be done under normal running water.
To undermine the baby, strip him halfway down, put his belly on his hand, substituting the lower part of the torso under the cock. If the pollution is not washed off with a stream of water, soap the dirty places of the crumbs with special baby soap and rinse thoroughly.
After washing, blot your baby’s skin with a towel or diaper, hold the baby in the air bath for a bit and then smear it with a cream under the diaper if necessary.
If there is no opportunity to undermine the crumbs, you can usespecial baby wipesand remove all contaminants with them.
Most moms use baby care products.disposable diapers. Remember that a child should not be in the same diaper for more than four hours.
Read also: Diapers vs disposable diapers
You need to wear a diaper on a newborn so that it does not cover the umbilical wound and it can heal faster. It will be great if the crumbs have the opportunity to lie down for a while without a diaper at all, so that their skin can breathe.
It is also important to ensure that the skin under the diaper does not form.diaper rash. To prevent diaper rash, do not overheat the crumb, and you can also use a special cream under the diaper.
Important nuance: A change in the aquatic environment to air and the release of the baby’s skin from the original lubricant can cause the skin dryness and redness in the baby. In case of such symptoms and after consulting with a pediatrician, you can use special oils or other children's cosmetics.
Read also: Daily care for newborns: basic procedures
Another question that is of great interest to the entire family of the baby: when can I startbathe the babyafter discharge from the hospital?
The answer is given by Marina Skiba, neonatologist of the clinic."Dobrobut":“You can bathe the child immediately after discharge, but if the baby was inoculated with BCG, then after it, it is better not to bathe the child for 1-2 days, in order not to wet the injection site. Water for bathing a child should be 37 degrees. If the baby has not yet healed the umbilical wound, in order to avoid infection, the bath can be filled with boiled water, the bathing time is 3-5 minutes. If the crumbs do not have allergies and their skin is not too dry, decoctions of herbs can be added to the water. ”
Afterwill heal the umbilical woundyou can already bathe the babyin a regular bathtub in tap water, gradually increasing the bathing time from 5 to 20 minutes.
In the water, be sure to support the body of the child, gently wash the baby's head, hands, legs and body, wash your face and do not worry if the water falls into your ears or eyes while bathing, there is nothing to worry about.
Afterbaby bathingblot him with a diaper or towel, try not to rub, his skin is still very thin and delicate, do not forget to blot the ears of the crumbs, wait until the skin dries, and apply baby cream or butter.
Read also: First bathing of a newborn: how to do everything right? (video)
The process of caring for the umbilical wound causes a special excitement of the young mother, because now she requires careful and appropriate care.
As a rule, the wound is treated once a day: you can do it either in the morning or in the evening, after swimming, when all crusts are crushed from water and it will be easier to remove them.
Usually about thathow to handle the navelyoung mother told in the hospital or not instructed conductshealth visitorwho is sure to visit the baby in the first week of stay at home.
Let's find out what the navel treatment will tellTatiana Znamenskaya, MD, professor, president of the Association of Neonatologists of Ukraine:«To the umbilical wound was not crusts, it is better to use a solution of hydrogen peroxide 3%. After processing the navel with hydrogen peroxide, we burn it with brilliant green. It is simple and effective. If you see that the umbilical wound does not heal within a month, it is better to show the child to the doctor. Usually, up to 14 days of life, the umbilical residue disappears, and the wound heals. ”
So, following the advice of a specialist, for the treatment of the umbilical wound, we take a cotton swab, dip it in hydrogen peroxide, and process the navel. Remove all that remains after foaming. Then we take another cotton swab, dip it into a solution of brilliant green and burn the wound. If the umbilical wound tightens normally, then the baby will not be hurt, do not worry.
Important nuance: if the skin around the umbilical wound is inflamed, be sure to consult a doctor!
Read also: How to care for a newborn?
The most important thing for crumbs now -full breastfeedingupon request. And what is important here is not only the entry into the body of the newborn of essential nutrients, but also the psychological component of the process.
The baby is still only adapting in this world; for him everything is new, unusual and unfamiliar. This is a rather complicated condition in which the child needs help and support.
A newborn baby’s stay at the mother’s breast is not only nutrition, but also comforting, because mother is the only friend for the baby in this world. And feeling its smell and heartbeat, familiar to the baby since the moment of stay in the tummy, the newborn calms down and relaxes.
Feeding on demand helps a young mother to establish lactation and to establish the necessary contact with the baby. And if mom has breast milk, no nipples and baby bottles are needed.
Mom forumchankaMariaMashatells:“Breastfeeding in the first days after discharge from the hospital - these were completely new sensations. It was difficult for me to get used to the fact that my body is not quite mine now. Sometimes it reacted to the child absolutely without my knowledge: the baby will cry - the milk stays by itself. Or I feed Masha from one breast, and the other is actively, right in front of my eyes, milk. But Masha was calm near my chest as never before. She so happily settled on the handles and put her mouth in, which is just superb. In general, the first weeks I often wore a baby in my arms, and fed on demand. Later everything stabilized, we had a regime, and Masha already more often agreed to stay in the crib rather than on the handles. ”
Read also:Basics of long and pleasant breastfeeding
Is it possible, after being discharged from the maternity hospital, to walk with the baby, when and how best to do it, another burning question that causes a lot of controversy among young parents, and especially the grandparents of the newborn.
In the summer, you can walk with your babythe day after discharge from the hospital. Avoiding direct sunlight in the morning or in the evening.
The first time to go out with the baby in the winter is better 2-3 days after discharge from the hospital. Be sure to pay attention to the air temperature: if it is below -10 degrees, it is better to stay at home.
If you are worried about how the baby will behave while walking, go outside for the first time for at least 15 minutes. The baby does not show signs of anxiety and sleeps quietly in a carriage? So, the time of the walk can be gradually increased.
It is difficult for young mothers to immediately guess how to properly dress a child for a walk. We advise you to observe one simple but important rule: the clothes on the child should be as much as on you, plus one more layer. You worry that the crumb is so defenseless and can freeze? Take an extra blanket or light blanket with you in the stroller, but use it only as needed.Remember that although the child's thermoregulation system is, of course, not perfect, but overheating for a newborn is worse than cold.
Mom forumchankaLeno4ka-83 tells:“I gave birth to a son in January, and we spent quite a long time in the maternity hospital - we were discharged on the 6th day. Literally in a couple of days, we began to go out with Leshka, although it was -5, but the kid was absolutely not cold, we packaged it perfectly in a winter suit and envelope. After another couple of days, they began to walk for at least 40 minutes, and then more and more. The son slept well in the stroller and the fresh, frosty air did not disturb him at all. ”
Read also:Walking with a newborn: how much, when and why
Remember that in the first week of the life of a newborn baby he may lose weight, this is due to the transition to breastfeeding, to which the baby also needs to get used to. But if the mother's lactation is quickly established, the baby will begin to gain weight quickly.
Some newborns in the first week of life may experience a hormonal crisis: crumbs of the crumbs of the sex glands, due to blockage of the sebaceous glands on the skin appear dense whitish-yellow acne.All these manifestations pass by themselves in 2-3 weeks.
Do not forget that in the first week of the newborn there are also noticeable changes in the chair. First, the baby's body is cleared of dark green meconium, then a transitional lumpy green-yellow stool appears, which is subsequently replaced with a yellow pulp of puree consistency.
Read also: Newborn Development: Sonya, Obzhorkin and Sopelkin
In the house where the newborn baby lives, it must be clean, humid and a minimum of allergic irritants, so that the baby can breathe easily and sleep comfortably.
Wipe dust off as often as possible, do wet cleaning, aerate and moisten the air. The room temperature should beno higher than 22 degrees in winter and not higher than 24 in summerand the air humidity is within50-70%.
The eyes of the child are not yet accustomed to the bright light, and therefore try to use the muffled light for the first time in his room. It is also better to place the baby’s bed away from drafts, irritating street sounds and sunlight.
The first week after discharge from the hospital will fly by unnoticed, and the following questions will come to replace the first questions about the care and upbringing of the baby, but we believe you will succeed.