Primary school: what the future first grader should know

Primary school: what the future first grader should know

 

The first of September will come very soon, and many children will go to school for the first time in their lives.

Surely, for several months, parents of potential first-graders have been concerned about enrollment: what a first grader should know, is my child ready for school, which school is best to go to, where to buy everything for school? These and other questions are constantly spinning in the heads of moms and dads of future first-graders and make them worry.

Today we offer you to talk about what a first grader should know when entering school so that you can check your child and also find out the recommendations of a psychologist on how to check your child’s psychophysical readiness for school.

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It's time to school: is the kid ready for school?

Watching their six-year-old child, many parents think: well, what kind of school is he, is he still a kid, let him stay a little more in the garden, he is too early for his desk.In some cases, such an opinion of parents is related to the fact that the baby is not yet ready to learn, but in many situations the matter is not at all in the child, but in the desire of parents to extend their childhood to their child. In order to objectively assess the child's psychophysical readiness for school, there are various special tests that will tell us about them today.Maria Malykhina, psychologist of the clinic«ilaya. "

Maria Malykhina, psychologist of the clinic "ilaya ": “Psychophysiological readiness for school: 1.The physiological systems of the body must acquire properties that provide the necessary level of child's ability in the mode of moderate mental and physical exercise. The first test to check - ask the child to move his right hand to the left ear, holding his hand over his head (Philippine test). If he is not enough, it means that there has not yet been a half-growth leap consisting in lengthening the arms and legs, reflecting the degree of morphofunctional maturity of the organism. The second test - for coordination of movements - simultaneously pats his head with his right hand and slaps his stomach with his left hand. Usually formed at the age of 6-7 years.Physiological maturity determines the ability to control their behavior, perseverance, learning to write. 2. Change of the child’s leading activity from playing to training: the game ceases to satisfy the intellectual needs of the child, there is a desire to learn. Approximately 7 years. 3. Formed social position of the student - knowledge and ability to follow the rules of behavior in school. Depends on the age and the formation of parents».

What should a first grader know before school?

If you or a psychologist managed to determine that your child is psychophysiologically ready for school, then you can talk about what knowledge and skills he should have before the school.

If your baby is not ready for school yet, then it will not be too much for you to know what the child should be able to do in front of the school in order to gradually start preparing the baby for the first grade.

What should a future first-grader know and be able to do?

Immediately it should be said that the list of the desired knowledge and skills of the child before entering the first class may differ depending on the school or a particular teacher. We offer you a sample list.

Primary school: what a future first grader should know - image №1

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The overall development of the child

Future first grader:

  • knows your first name, middle name and surname;
  • knows the names of parents, their occupation;
  • can call your home address and telephone number;
  • knows what country and city he lives in, can also name other countries and cities that he remembers;
  • he knows the name of some plants, animals, insects, and so on;
  • the child knows the times of the day, the seasons, can name the months of the year, the days of the week, can tell how many hours are in a day;
  • has an idea of ​​weather phenomena;
  • knows colors, distinguishes the concepts of "right-left";
  • can name some sports, professions, is a little guided in the rules of the road, for example, knows that you can cross the road to a green light;
  • can name several last names of writers and poets;
  • knows the most important public holidays;
  • can briefly tell what he likes to do;
  • can answer the question: why does he go to school.

Intelligence

A child can:

  • solve simple logic problems, guess some easy puzzles;
  • find extra items in the group;
  • add to the group items that are missing;
  • to tell how these or other objects are similar or different;
  • group items on certain grounds;
  • restore the sequence of events.

Abilities of speech, memory, attention

A child can:

  • find differences in two pictures;
  • copy a simple pattern;
  • describe the picture from memory;
  • memorize a short sentence and repeat it;
  • write graphic dictations;
  • read poems, tell tales;
  • retell heard;
  • make a short story on the picture.

Mathematical knowledge

Baby can:

  • count from 1 to 10;
  • perform calculations ranging from 1 to 10;
  • to understand the concepts of "more", "less", "equally";
  • list simple geometric shapes, create an application of geometric shapes;
  • compare items in width, length, height;
  • divide the subject into two, three, four equal parts.

Primary school: what a future first grader should know - image №2

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Reading

Baby can:

  • distinguish letters from sounds, vowels from consonants;
  • find the right letter in the word;
  • pick a word for a given letter;
  • divide the word into syllables;
  • read the sentence of 4-5 words and understand the meaning of the read.

Mother Forumonka Veronika shared her story:“My child learned to read at the age of three. Now we are five and a half, next year we plan to go to school. Almost all of the list of necessary skills for a first grader, we have already mastered. Soon we will be enrolled in a preparatory class for first-graders and we will develop mathematical knowledge there, I think everything will be fine in a year, and we will successfully go to school. ”

Letter

A child can:

  • keep a pen and a pencil in a hen;
  • draw continuous straight and wavy lines;
  • to draw a pattern around the contour, without taking your hands off the paper;
  • draw in squares;
  • draw the missing half of the drawing;
  • copy geometric shapes;
  • be able to color the drawing neatly.

In most kindergartens from 5 to 6 years old children are purposefully prepared for school. In order to improve the results of the child, teachers usually recommend parents to work independently with the kids at home from the age of 3-4, I train all the knowledge and skills necessary for the school.

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  • Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know

    Primary school: what the future first grader should know