Some parents, dissatisfied with the school and behavior of the child in elementary school, have high hopes for going to secondary school, believing that it is in the fifth grade that everything will begin to really. And these parental expectations are voluntarily or involuntarily passed on to children. The child also begins to wait for the "new life."
Indeed, high school education is more intense and requires studentsgreater independence. However, one should not expect too much from moving to secondary school. Education in the fifth grade is based on the skills and knowledge gained in primary school.
The transition of students from primary to secondary school is rightly consideredcrisis period. Long-term observations of teachers and school psychologists suggest that this transition is inevitably associated with a decline in performance, at least temporary.
Boys and girls who are accustomed to certain orders of elementary school need time toadapt to the new pace and lifestyle.
Often, external changes coincide with the onset of physiological changes in the body of children. All this is primarily reflected in the quality of performance (for example, an excellent pupil in elementary school suddenly in the fifth grade starts getting fours and triples). Although it also happens that a child who has barely studied in elementary classes for three, suddenly becomes a solid horoshist.
Is it possible to avoid serious problems with schooling when going to secondary school? Experience shows that it is possible. But for this it is necessary to take into account all factors affecting the quality of education in the fifth grade.
In primary schoolchildren are always in the field of view of the teacherwhich controls the degree of their readiness for the next lesson, helps resolve conflict situations with other teachers (for example, the child forgot the physical form, did not bring the album).
Alsoprimary school teacher is in close contact with parents. He carefully monitors that all the necessary information was recorded in a diary and brought to their attention.
In middle schoolchildren are left to themselves. They have a lot to do.by myself: go from office to office, prepare for lessons, and very often they have to independently solve issues with teachers. Being late for a lesson, forgetting any school affiliation, not doing a task — it all becomes more serious offense than in elementary school.
With the class teacher fifth gradersfound only in class, which he leads, and rarely, unfortunately, cool hours. Naturally, parents cannot be aware of what is happening in school.
It turns out that the students, who yesterday were under the constant supervision of the teacher and parents, are nowmust combineeducational and organizational aspects of school life.
Some children because of their psychological characteristicsWere not ready for such independencethey are confused, they confuse and forget everything all the time, they cannot concentrate on their studies.
Other children are soaccustomed to constant monitoring by adultsthat are unable to independently organize their own school life. All this naturally leads to a decrease in academic performance.
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On the one hand, during the transition to secondary school, little changes: the same classmates surround the child, the schedule shows mostly familiar subjects, and the first weeks of school are devoted to the repetition of the past in primary school.
He continues to arrive at the same time in the same building, he is given homework, he is also asked in class and given marks.
But in other way,classes are now held in the new office, and often - in different offices. The schedule appeared the names of unfamiliar objects (botany, physics, history). And the most important thing -each subject leads a new teacher.
Each teacher responds differently to what is happening in the classroom andimposes certain requirements on students. For example, for one, the noise during a lesson can be the natural background of his explanations, while the other severely punishes him for the slightest distraction. To kidtime is needed,to get used toand learn to behave in accordance with the requirements.
Should remember that andthe teacher should get used to the class, tune in to work with him.Many teachers who take the fifth grade have worked with graduates - adults, independent students, and now also have to get used to the fact that their new wards need additional control, reminders. They can talk about serious things and lose clothes, textbooks, forget which office has the next lesson and what their teachers are called.
The period of adaptation to new rules and requirements may take from a child from one month to a whole year.. At this time, there may be some decline in academic performance, since children are more likely to study the form than the content of the learning activity.
Like any crisis,transition to high school has its positive aspects. A new learning situation allows to overcome the stereotypes prevailing in elementary school.
The main feature of the transition to the fifth grade, as already mentioned, ischange of teachers. All subjects are now taught by different teachers. And although this creates certain difficulties, at the same time, the emergence of a new teacher is alwaysa chance for a child to build their relationship with a new subject.
It is in the fifth grade that the student gets the opportunitystart your school life first. A pupil with a entrenched reputation as a troechnik or a bad student may become good and even an excellent student.
Many high school students recall thatit was in the fifth grade that they showed interest in a particular subject., which not only contributed to the improvement of the quality of their education in general, but also helped in further professional orientation.
Our mother Mary, Maria, says: “In elementary school, I was considered a weak student, often receiving threes and twos. I was afraid of my teacher, my relationship with my classmates did not get along. In general, I did not like to go to school.
I finished primary school with threesomes in Russian, mathematics and the “tense” four in reading. At the first lesson of literature in the fifth grade, I was responsible for something new teacher, and at the end of the lesson she praised me and put in the diary five for the lesson. It seemed to me that I got the top five for nothing. An unfamiliar teacher singled me out. From that day the literature lesson became a favorite for me, I began to read more, I was looking forward to the lessons of literature.And although there were still problems with the Russian language, it became much more interesting for me to learn, and from troechnitsy I turned into a good girl. ”
It is an opportunity for a child.start school life firstand is a key positive element in high school transition. But the child can do this only with the help of others: teachers and parents.
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In addition to thespecific reasonsaffecting the quality of performance in the fifth grade, there are others that are characteristic not only for this age.
Going to high school can coincide withthe beginningphysiological changesin the child's body.Baby starts to growbecomes whiny, wants to sleep all the time. The consequence of these phenomena are distraction, weakening of memory, attention. Naturally, the adaptation of the child in such a situation requires more time.
Once formed,diffidence, in its abilities, “moves” with the child from class to class.The child, as it were, thinks in advance that nothing will come of it, and does not even dare to try.
The cause of such self-doubt can be heightened anxiety, pressure from relatives, their excessive insistence, the fear of not meeting expectations.
Self-doubt can manifest itself especially strongly in transitional age. Baby startsbe critical of yourself and your successits appearance and ability to achieve something. Many adolescents have a sharp drop in self-esteem.
To help the child overcome these difficulties, to feel successful and competent, you can only understand their reasons.
The sharp deterioration in the quality of education may be due topersonal problems of the child: fell out with a friend, fell in love, family problems, etc. Knowing what worries a child will help with patience and understanding to relate to his failure. Sometimes it is enough to wait for some time, and everything will go down in a rut, and sometimes the support and assistance of a specialist - a psychologist is needed.
Lack of ability
Rather, we are talking about the absence of any childoutstanding abilitywhat parents hoped for. But in the fifth grade new subjects appear, and the child has the opportunity to express himself in completely new areas.
A very frequent occurrence -the child learns badly because he is not interested.The reasons can be different: permanent failures, poor relations with the teacher or peers, personal problems. Sometimes a child declares that he is not interested in studying, because he does not understand how what they learn in school can be useful to him in life.
Psychologist Natalya Karabuta tells: “The words of the parents, that“ then it will definitely come in handy for you ”or that“ it is necessary to study for common development ”, in this case will not do. It is better to visually show the child the meaning of studying a particular subject. Life constantly poses a person tasks requiring the use of school knowledge: for example, without the multiplication table it is very difficult to count how much money you need to buy products, knowledge of the alphabet helps you navigate in catalogs and encyclopedias, solving crossword puzzles requires having certain knowledge at the school level (geography, history, literature).You can ask the child for help, along with him to look for the answer in textbooks. ”
Parents task- to be creative, and not to “cry out for consciousness” of the child. Going with children on a trip, or just getting from one end of the city to another, you can offer them to calculate the speed of movement or distance traveled.
A private garden or even flowers on the windowsill is a good practical work on botany and even genetics (last year red and white carnations bloomed, and now for some reason rose flowers have grown from seeds collected from them).
A discussion of various movie tricks will demonstrate the need for knowledge of physical laws.
If something bothers you about a child’s behavior,be sure to talk to him, and thenTry to meet and discuss this with the class teacher as soon as possible..
If there are any events in the family that have affected the psychological state of the child (divorce, departure for a long trip of one of the parents, the birth of another child, etc.), inform the class teacher. Exactlychanges in family lifeoften explained by sudden changes in the behavior of children.
Show interest in school matters, discuss difficult situations, together look for a way out of conflicts.
Help your child learnthe names of the new teachers, invite him to describe them, mark some special features.
Advise your child in difficult situationsseek help from the class teacher, and also do not get tired of repeating that with any problem he may turn to parents. In this case, it is important to remember that your answer to the child should not be notation, but real help and understanding.
You should not immediately weaken the control over the educational activities of the child, if during the period of training in elementary school he was used to your control.Teach him to independence gradually.: he must collect his own briefcase, call classmates and ask for lessons, do some homework on the sap.
The main assistants of parents in difficult situations are patience, attention and understanding.